Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are abundant in many cancers and often display an immune-suppressive phenotype that promotes tumor growth and resistance to treatment. Researchers at CSB have now developed a TAM targeted nanoparticle loaded with a toll-like receptor agonist which re-programs TAMs to support the immune-system’s fight against cancer. As a monotherapy, administration of the drug-loaded nanoparticle led to efficient drug delivery to TAMs, re-programming of TAMs to an immune-supportive phenotype, and controlled tumor growth. Importantly, the strategy worked synergistically in combination with checkpoint therapy (anti-PD1), dramatically improving response rates even in tumors resistant to treatment by anti-PD1 alone. These findings demonstrate the ability of rationally engineered drug–nanoparticle combinations to efficiently modulate TAMs to better sensitize the tumor microenvironment to standard checkpoint therapies.
The MGH Center for Systems Biology (CSB) was established as one of the five thematic interdisciplinary Centers at MGH. It is home to over 200 researchers in 12 PI groups. The mission of the Center is to analyze at a systems level how biological molecules, proteins and cells interact in both healthy and diseased states.
Through a multidisciplinary approach that combines clinical insight with powerful technologies, CSB faculty pursue systems-level research that is at once fundamental, and yet immediately linked to the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. While these approaches are generalizable to many diseases, the Center has particular strengths in complex human conditions such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, autoimmune disease, and renal disease. This goal is enabled by particular faculty expertise in genomics, chemical biology, physiology, bioimaging, and nanotechnology.